What is the Zika Virus and Should
You Be Concerned?
On the news, we see and hear a lot about Zika, but is it really something to worry about? How can affect you if you were on holidays? And is there any cure?
There is no vaccine to prevent or medicine to treat Zika virus, that’s why we tell you here how to treat the disease. It usually takes between 3 to 6 days to fully recover.
What is the Zika virus?
Zika is an infection caused by the virus ZIKV, transmitted by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the same one that transmits the dengue disease. The Zika virus had its first appearance in 1947, when it was found in monkeys in Uganda. In 1954 the first cases of Zika in humans appeared in Nigeria. In 2007, Zika started to spread to Oceania, and it got to France by 2013. In Brazil, the first cases were reported in 2015, in the regions of Rio Grande do Norte and Bahia.
What are the symptoms?
More than 70 % of the cases of Zika reported haven’t presented major complications. Sometimes affected people don’t show any symptoms at all. They appear 10 days after the mosquito bite, and disappear in about 4 to 6 days. It is advisable to go to the doctor to be sure if you got zika, sometimes the symptoms can be the same as those of the flu. Here are the main symptoms so you can check if you are infected.
1 Low fever.
2 Red spots on the skin.
3 Body itching.
4 Joint and muscle pain.
6 Physical and mental fatigue.
7 Red color and sensitive eyes.
Rio de Janeiro
Transmission of Zika
The virus of Zika is transmitted by the Aedes Aegypti mosquito bite, which usually appears at the evening and night.
The virus can be passed from the mother to the child during pregnancy. There are cases in which Zika has been transmitted sexually.
It is also believed that the virus can be transmitted through breast milk and saliva, generating the virus in the baby. However, these last scenarios are not confirmed.
Recent Data – Zika
Medication for Zika
Treatments for the Zika virus are similar to those for dengue. In case of Zika, doctors may recommend the following medications:
- Painkillers such as acetaminophen or dipyrone, every 8 hours to relieve the pain and lower the fever.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, also every 8 hours, to ease the joint and muscle pain.
- Anti-allergic medication such as loratadine, cetirizine or hydroxyzine to relieve the red color of the skin, eyes, and itching of the body.
- Lubricant eye drops to apply in the eyes from 3 to 6 times per day to keep the eyes moist.
It is important to rest for 7 days and go on a diet rich in vitamins and minerals. It is also important to drink plenty of water.
Bear in mind that taking aspirin is counterproductive for the Zika virus, so avoided it.
Ways to avoid the Zika virus
It is better to know how to prevent the Zika virus than fighting against it. We give you some advice on how to avoid Zika:
Eating food rich in vitamin B1. Vitamin B1 helps the body generate antibodies that repel the mosquito. The body expels a particular odor and mosquitoes don’t get close to you. Some products that are rich in vitamin B1 are Ovomaltine, brown rice, wheat flour and beer yeast.
Garlic to avoid the bites Drink one garlic clove 2 times a week, for better health and it also works as a natural mosquito repellent for the odor that the skin spells for the garlic
Apply some oils to your body and lit some candles with special essences to zoom out mosquitoes in your area.
Best Oils to do it :
- Oil Painting of Andiroba
- Copaiba Oil
- Oil Rosemary, Citronella, orange, and eucalyptus.
Video with more options for repellents